Managing water scarcity in European and Chinese cropping systems

Environmental Modelling and Software 131 (2020) 104770


Published by CEBAS-CSIC:

J.M. Ramírez-Cuesta a,*, R.G. Allen b, D.S. Intrigliolo a, A. Kilic c, C.W. Robison b, R. Trezza b, C. Santos d, I.J. Lorite d

a Dpto. Riego, Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura (CEBAS-CSIC), P.O. Box 164, 30100, Murcia, Spain

b University of Idaho, Kimberly Research Center, Kimberly, ID, 83341, USA

c University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, 68583-0973, USA

d IFAPA, Centro “Alameda del Obispo”, Alameda del Obispo s/n, Post office box: 3092, 14080, Cordoba, Spain



A novel ArcGIS toolbox that applies the Mapping Evapotranspiration with Internalized Calibration model was developed and tested in a semi-arid environment. The tool, named METRIC-GIS, facilitates the pre-processing operations and the automatic identification of potential calibration and pixels review. The energy balance components obtained from METRIC-GIS were contrasted with those from the original METRIC version (R2 = 1; RMSE = 0 W m−2 or mm day−1 for ETc) Additionally, an irrigated scheme located at southern Spain was considered for assessing Kc variability in the maize fields with METRIC-GIS. The identified spatial variability was mainly due to differences in irrigation regimes, crop management practices, and planting and harvesting dates. This information is critical for developing irrigation advisory strategies that contribute to the area sustainability. The developed tool facilitates data input introduction and reduces computational time by up to 50%, providing a more user-friendly alternative to other existing platforms that use METRIC.


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